DPDK — 网卡初始化流程(Intel 82599 ixgbe 网卡驱动示例)

目录

总览

在这里插入图片描述

  • rte_eth_dev_count:获取被 DPDK App 接管的 eth 网卡数量。
  • rte_eth_dev_configure:根据 DPDK App 的需要,配置被 App 接管的 eth 网卡,实际上是配置 eth 网卡的驱动程序。
  • rte_eth_rx_queue_setup/rte_eth_tx_queue_setup:为网卡分配 接收/发送 队列。
  • rte_eth_dev_start:启动网卡。
  • rte_eth_rx_burst/rte_eth_tx_burst:为指定网卡的指定队列的 接收/发送 数据包函数。
  • ixgbe_dev_*:Intel 82599(Intel x500 系列)网卡的驱动程序,作为该型号网卡的 PMD 与 igb_uio 驱动一起实现 kernel-bypass 的效果。

rte_eth_dev/rte_eth_dev_data 数据结构

DPDK 定义了一个 rte_eth_devices 数组,元素类型为 struct rte_eth_dev,一个元素代表一块网卡。struct rte_eth_dev 有四个重要的成员:

  1. rx_pkt_burst:网卡的 burst 收包函数;
  2. tx_pkt_burst:网卡的 burst 发包函数;
  3. dev_ops:网卡驱动注册函数表,类型为 struct eth_dev_ops;
  4. data:包含了网卡的主要信息,类型为 struct rte_eth_dev_data。
struct rte_eth_dev {
	/* 在 rte_bus_probe() 中注册 rx/tx_pkt_burst */
	eth_rx_burst_t rx_pkt_burst;	/**< Pointer to PMD receive function. */
	eth_tx_burst_t tx_pkt_burst; 	/**< Pointer to PMD transmit function. */
	eth_tx_prep_t tx_pkt_prepare; 	/**< Pointer to PMD transmit prepare function. */
	struct rte_eth_dev_data *data;  /**< Pointer to device data */
	
	/* 在 rte_bus_probe() 中注册 dev_ops */
	const struct eth_dev_ops *dev_ops; 	 /**< Functions exported by PMD */
	struct rte_device *device;			 /**< Backing device */
	struct rte_intr_handle *intr_handle; /**< Device interrupt handle */
...
} __rte_cache_aligned;

struct rte_eth_dev_data {
	char name[RTE_ETH_NAME_MAX_LEN]; /**< Unique identifier name */

	/* 接收队列数组 */
	void **rx_queues; 		/**< Array of pointers to RX queues. */
	/* 发送队列数组 */
	void **tx_queues; 		/**< Array of pointers to TX queues. */
	/* 接收队列数组长度 */
	uint16_t nb_rx_queues;  /**< Number of RX queues. */
	/* 发送队列数组长度 */
	uint16_t nb_tx_queues;  /**< Number of TX queues. */
...
};

struct rte_eth_dev rte_eth_devices[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];

static struct rte_eth_dev_data *rte_eth_dev_data;

rte_eth_dev_count 函数

uint8_t
rte_eth_dev_count(void)
{
	uint8_t p;
	uint8_t count;

	count = 0;

	RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(p)
		count++;

	return count;
}

#define RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(p)					\
	for (p = rte_eth_find_next(0);				\
	     (unsigned int)p < (unsigned int)RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS;	\
	     p = rte_eth_find_next(p + 1))

/**
 * 从 port_id 开始遍历 rte_eth_device 数组,找到第一个状态为 RTE_ETH_DEV_ATTACHED 的设备。
 * 这些设备使用指令 dpdk-devbind.py --bind 进行绑定。
 */
uint8_t
rte_eth_find_next(uint8_t port_id)
{
	while (port_id < RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS &&
	       rte_eth_devices[port_id].state != RTE_ETH_DEV_ATTACHED)
		port_id++;

	if (port_id >= RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS)
		return RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS;

	return port_id;
}

rte_eth_dev_configure 函数

rte_eth_dev_configure 函数的主要工作是分配接收/发送队列数组,一个数组元素表示一个接收/发送队列,类型为 void *。

int
rte_eth_dev_configure(uint8_t port_id, uint16_t nb_rx_q, uint16_t nb_tx_q,
		      const struct rte_eth_conf *dev_conf)
{
	struct rte_eth_dev *dev;
	struct rte_eth_dev_info dev_info;
	int diag;

	/* 检查 port_id 是否合法 */
	RTE_ETH_VALID_PORTID_OR_ERR_RET(port_id, -EINVAL);

	/* 检查接收队列数是否大于 DPDK 的上限 */
	if (nb_rx_q > RTE_MAX_QUEUES_PER_PORT) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE(
			"Number of RX queues requested (%u) is greater than max supported(%d)\n",
			nb_rx_q, RTE_MAX_QUEUES_PER_PORT);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查发送队列数是否大于 DPDK 上限 */
	if (nb_tx_q > RTE_MAX_QUEUES_PER_PORT) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE(
			"Number of TX queues requested (%u) is greater than max supported(%d)\n",
			nb_tx_q, RTE_MAX_QUEUES_PER_PORT);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 得到 port_id 对应的设备 */
	dev = &rte_eth_devices[port_id];

	/* 检查 dev_infos_get 和 dev_configure 是否定义 */
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->dev_infos_get, -ENOTSUP);
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->dev_configure, -ENOTSUP);

	/* 检查设备是否已启动 */
	if (dev->data->dev_started) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE(
		    "port %d must be stopped to allow configuration\n", port_id);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/**
	 * 复制 dev_conf 到 dev->data->dev_conf。
	 *   - dev_conf 由 DPDK App 定义。
	 *   - dev 结构体将传入到网卡驱动程序。
	 */
	memcpy(&dev->data->dev_conf, dev_conf, sizeof(dev->data->dev_conf));

	/*
	 * Check that the numbers of RX and TX queues are not greater
	 * than the maximum number of RX and TX queues supported by the
	 * configured device.
	 */
	/**
	 * dev->dev_ops 注册了网卡驱动的函数。
	 * 如果是 ixgbe 驱动,则调用 ixgbe_dev_info_get() 函数。
	 */
	(*dev->dev_ops->dev_infos_get)(dev, &dev_info);

	/* 检查接收/发送队列数是否同时为 0 */
	if (nb_rx_q == 0 && nb_tx_q == 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("ethdev port_id=%d both rx and tx queue cannot be 0\n", port_id);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查接收队列数是否大于网卡上限 */
	if (nb_rx_q > dev_info.max_rx_queues) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("ethdev port_id=%d nb_rx_queues=%d > %d\n",
				port_id, nb_rx_q, dev_info.max_rx_queues);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查发送队列数是否大于网卡上限 */
	if (nb_tx_q > dev_info.max_tx_queues) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("ethdev port_id=%d nb_tx_queues=%d > %d\n",
				port_id, nb_tx_q, dev_info.max_tx_queues);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Check that the device supports requested interrupts */
	if ((dev_conf->intr_conf.lsc == 1) &&
		(!(dev->data->dev_flags & RTE_ETH_DEV_INTR_LSC))) {
			RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("driver %s does not support lsc\n",
					dev->device->driver->name);
			return -EINVAL;
	}
	if ((dev_conf->intr_conf.rmv == 1) &&
	    (!(dev->data->dev_flags & RTE_ETH_DEV_INTR_RMV))) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("driver %s does not support rmv\n",
				    dev->device->driver->name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * If jumbo frames are enabled, check that the maximum RX packet
	 * length is supported by the configured device.
	 */
	if (dev_conf->rxmode.jumbo_frame == 1) {
		if (dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len >
		    dev_info.max_rx_pktlen) {
			RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("ethdev port_id=%d max_rx_pkt_len %u"
				" > max valid value %u\n",
				port_id,
				(unsigned)dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len,
				(unsigned)dev_info.max_rx_pktlen);
			return -EINVAL;
		} else if (dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len < ETHER_MIN_LEN) {
			RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("ethdev port_id=%d max_rx_pkt_len %u"
				" < min valid value %u\n",
				port_id,
				(unsigned)dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len,
				(unsigned)ETHER_MIN_LEN);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	} else {
		if (dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len < ETHER_MIN_LEN ||
			dev_conf->rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len > ETHER_MAX_LEN) /* 小于64或大于1518 */
			/* Use default value */
			dev->data->dev_conf.rxmode.max_rx_pkt_len =
							ETHER_MAX_LEN; /* 默认值为1518 */
	}


	/* 分配接收队列数组,地址赋给 dev->data->rx_queues,长度赋给 dev->data->nb_rx_queues */
	diag = rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config(dev, nb_rx_q);
	if (diag != 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("port%d rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config = %d\n",
				port_id, diag);
		return diag;
	}

	/* 分配发送队列数组,地址赋给 dev->data->tx_queues,长度赋给 dev->data->nb_tx_queues */
	diag = rte_eth_dev_tx_queue_config(dev, nb_tx_q);
	if (diag != 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("port%d rte_eth_dev_tx_queue_config = %d\n",
				port_id, diag);
		rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config(dev, 0);
		return diag;
	}

	/* 注册了 ixgbe 驱动的 ixgbe_dev_configure() 函数 */
	diag = (*dev->dev_ops->dev_configure)(dev);
	if (diag != 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("port%d dev_configure = %d\n",
				port_id, diag);
		rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config(dev, 0);
		rte_eth_dev_tx_queue_config(dev, 0);
		return diag;
	}

	return 0;
}

ixgbe_dev_configure 函数

static int
ixgbe_dev_configure(struct rte_eth_dev *dev)
{
	...
	/* multipe queue mode checking */
	ret  = ixgbe_check_mq_mode(dev);
	...
	/*
	 * Initialize to TRUE. If any of Rx queues doesn't meet the bulk
	 * allocation or vector Rx preconditions we will reset it.
	 */
	adapter->rx_bulk_alloc_allowed = true;
	adapter->rx_vec_allowed = true;
	...
}

rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config/rte_eth_dev_tx_queue_config 函数

static int
rte_eth_dev_rx_queue_config(struct rte_eth_dev *dev, uint16_t nb_queues)
{
	...
	dev->data->rx_queues = rte_zmalloc("ethdev->rx_queues",
			sizeof(dev->data->rx_queues[0]) * nb_queues,
			RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE);
	...
	dev->data->nb_rx_queues = nb_queues; /* 更新nb_rx_queues */
	...
}


static int
rte_eth_dev_tx_queue_config(struct rte_eth_dev *dev, uint16_t nb_queues)
{
	...
	dev->data->tx_queues = rte_zmalloc("ethdev->tx_queues",
					   sizeof(dev->data->tx_queues[0]) * nb_queues,
					   RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE);
	...
	dev->data->nb_tx_queues = nb_queues; /* 更新nb_tx_queues */
	...
}

rte_eth_rx_queue_setup 函数

int
rte_eth_rx_queue_setup(uint8_t port_id, uint16_t rx_queue_id,
		       uint16_t nb_rx_desc, unsigned int socket_id,
		       const struct rte_eth_rxconf *rx_conf,
		       struct rte_mempool *mp)
{
	int ret;
	uint32_t mbp_buf_size;
	struct rte_eth_dev *dev;
	struct rte_eth_dev_info dev_info;
	void **rxq;

	/* 检查 port_id 是否合法 */
	RTE_ETH_VALID_PORTID_OR_ERR_RET(port_id, -EINVAL);

	/* 得到 port_id 对应的设备 */
	dev = &rte_eth_devices[port_id];
	if (rx_queue_id >= dev->data->nb_rx_queues) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("Invalid RX queue_id=%d\n", rx_queue_id);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查设备是否已启动 */
	if (dev->data->dev_started) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE(
		    "port %d must be stopped to allow configuration\n", port_id);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/* 检查 dev_infos_get 和 rx_queue_setup 是否定义 */
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->dev_infos_get, -ENOTSUP);
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->rx_queue_setup, -ENOTSUP);

	/*
	 * Check the size of the mbuf data buffer.
	 * This value must be provided in the private data of the memory pool.
	 * First check that the memory pool has a valid private data.
	 */
	rte_eth_dev_info_get(port_id, &dev_info);
	if (mp->private_data_size < sizeof(struct rte_pktmbuf_pool_private)) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("%s private_data_size %d < %d\n",
				mp->name, (int) mp->private_data_size,
				(int) sizeof(struct rte_pktmbuf_pool_private));
		return -ENOSPC;
	}
	mbp_buf_size = rte_pktmbuf_data_room_size(mp);

	if ((mbp_buf_size - RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM) < dev_info.min_rx_bufsize) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("%s mbuf_data_room_size %d < %d "
				"(RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM=%d + min_rx_bufsize(dev)"
				"=%d)\n",
				mp->name,
				(int)mbp_buf_size,
				(int)(RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM +
				      dev_info.min_rx_bufsize),
				(int)RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM,
				(int)dev_info.min_rx_bufsize);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查 nb_rx_desc 是否大于网卡上限 */
	if (nb_rx_desc > dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_max ||
			nb_rx_desc < dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_min ||
			nb_rx_desc % dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_align != 0) {

		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("Invalid value for nb_rx_desc(=%hu), "
			"should be: <= %hu, = %hu, and a product of %hu\n",
			nb_rx_desc,
			dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_max,
			dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_min,
			dev_info.rx_desc_lim.nb_align);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 得到接收队列数组 */
	rxq = dev->data->rx_queues;
	if (rxq[rx_queue_id]) {
		/* 检查 rx_queue_release 是否定义 */
		RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->rx_queue_release,
					-ENOTSUP);
		/* ixgbe 驱动程序注册了 ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_release() 函数 */
		(*dev->dev_ops->rx_queue_release)(rxq[rx_queue_id]);
		rxq[rx_queue_id] = NULL;
	}

	if (rx_conf == NULL)
		rx_conf = &dev_info.default_rxconf;

	/* ixgbe 驱动程序注册了 ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_setup() 函数 */
	ret = (*dev->dev_ops->rx_queue_setup)(dev, rx_queue_id, nb_rx_desc,
					      socket_id, rx_conf, mp);
	if (!ret) {
		if (!dev->data->min_rx_buf_size ||
		    dev->data->min_rx_buf_size > mbp_buf_size)
			dev->data->min_rx_buf_size = mbp_buf_size;
	}

	return ret;
}

ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_setup 函数

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_setup(struct rte_eth_dev *dev,
			 uint16_t queue_idx,
			 uint16_t nb_desc,
			 unsigned int socket_id,
			 const struct rte_eth_rxconf *rx_conf,
			 struct rte_mempool *mp)
{
	...
	/* 分配 ixgbe_rx_queue */
	rxq = rte_zmalloc_socket("ethdev RX queue", sizeof(struct ixgbe_rx_queue),
				 RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE, socket_id);
	...
	
	/* 初始化 rxq */
	rxq->mb_pool = mp;
	rxq->nb_rx_desc = nb_desc;
	rxq->rx_free_thresh = rx_conf->rx_free_thresh;
	rxq->queue_id = queue_idx;
	rxq->reg_idx = (uint16_t)((RTE_ETH_DEV_SRIOV(dev).active == 0) ?
		queue_idx : RTE_ETH_DEV_SRIOV(dev).def_pool_q_idx + queue_idx);
	rxq->port_id = dev->data->port_id;
	rxq->crc_len = (uint8_t) ((dev->data->dev_conf.rxmode.hw_strip_crc) ?
							0 : ETHER_CRC_LEN);
	rxq->drop_en = rx_conf->rx_drop_en;
	rxq->rx_deferred_start = rx_conf->rx_deferred_start;
	...
	
	/**
	 * 分配 desc(skb 描述符)数组,数组元素类型为 union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc1
	 * (IXGBE_MAX_RING_DESC + RTE_PMD_IXGBE_RX_MAX_BURST) * sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc)
	 * (4096 + 32) * sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc)
	 */
	rz = rte_eth_dma_zone_reserve(dev, "rx_ring", queue_idx,
				      RX_RING_SZ, IXGBE_ALIGN, socket_id);
	...

	/* 清零 desc 数组 */
	memset(rz->addr, 0, RX_RING_SZ); 
	...
	
	/* 设置 rdt_reg_addr 为 RDT 寄存器的地址 */
	rxq->rdt_reg_addr =
		IXGBE_PCI_REG_ADDR(hw, IXGBE_RDT(rxq->reg_idx));
	
	/* 设置 rdh_reg_addr 为 RDH 寄存器的地址 */
	rxq->rdh_reg_addr =
		IXGBE_PCI_REG_ADDR(hw, IXGBE_RDH(rxq->reg_idx));
	...
	
	/* rx_ring_phys_addr 指向 desc 数组的总线地址 */
	rxq->rx_ring_phys_addr = rte_mem_phy2mch(rz->memseg_id, rz->phys_addr);

	/* rx_ring 指向 desc 数组的虚拟地址 */
	rxq->rx_ring = (union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc *) rz->addr;
	...
	
	/* 分配 entry 数组,地址赋给 sw_ring */
	rxq->sw_ring = rte_zmalloc_socket("rxq->sw_ring",
					  sizeof(struct ixgbe_rx_entry) * len,
					  RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE, socket_id);
	...
	
	/* rx_queues[queue_idx] 指向 ixgbe_rx_queue */
	dev->data->rx_queues[queue_idx] = rxq;
	...
	
	/* 设置接收队列参数 */
	ixgbe_reset_rx_queue(adapter, rxq);
	...
}

static void __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_reset_rx_queue(struct ixgbe_adapter *adapter, struct ixgbe_rx_queue *rxq)
{
	...
	rxq->rx_nb_avail = 0;
	rxq->rx_next_avail = 0;
	rxq->rx_free_trigger = (uint16_t)(rxq->rx_free_thresh - 1);
	rxq->rx_tail = 0;
	rxq->nb_rx_hold = 0;
	rxq->pkt_first_seg = NULL;
	rxq->pkt_last_seg = NULL;
	...
}

rte_eth_tx_queue_setup 函数

int
rte_eth_tx_queue_setup(uint8_t port_id, uint16_t tx_queue_id,
		       uint16_t nb_tx_desc, unsigned int socket_id,
		       const struct rte_eth_txconf *tx_conf)
{
	struct rte_eth_dev *dev;
	struct rte_eth_dev_info dev_info;
	void **txq;

	/* 检查 port_id 是否合法 */
	RTE_ETH_VALID_PORTID_OR_ERR_RET(port_id, -EINVAL);

	/* 得到 port_id 对应的设备 */
	dev = &rte_eth_devices[port_id];
	if (tx_queue_id >= dev->data->nb_tx_queues) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("Invalid TX queue_id=%d\n", tx_queue_id);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 检查设备是否已启动 */
	if (dev->data->dev_started) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE(
		    "port %d must be stopped to allow configuration\n", port_id);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/* 检查 dev_infos_get 和 tx_queue_setup 是否定义 */
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->dev_infos_get, -ENOTSUP);
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->tx_queue_setup, -ENOTSUP);

	rte_eth_dev_info_get(port_id, &dev_info);

	/* 检查 nb_tx_desc 是否大于网卡上限 */
	if (nb_tx_desc > dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_max ||
	    nb_tx_desc < dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_min ||
	    nb_tx_desc % dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_align != 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("Invalid value for nb_tx_desc(=%hu), "
				"should be: <= %hu, = %hu, and a product of %hu\n",
				nb_tx_desc,
				dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_max,
				dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_min,
				dev_info.tx_desc_lim.nb_align);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* 得到发送队列数组 */
	txq = dev->data->tx_queues;
	if (txq[tx_queue_id]) {
		/* 检查 tx_queue_release 是否定义 */
		RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->tx_queue_release,
					-ENOTSUP);
					
		/* ixgbe 驱动程序注册了 ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_release() 函数 */
		(*dev->dev_ops->tx_queue_release)(txq[tx_queue_id]);
		txq[tx_queue_id] = NULL;
	}

	if (tx_conf == NULL)
		tx_conf = &dev_info.default_txconf;

	/* ixgbe 驱动程序注册了 ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_setup() 函数 */
	return (*dev->dev_ops->tx_queue_setup)(dev, tx_queue_id, nb_tx_desc,
					       socket_id, tx_conf);
}

ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_setup 函数

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_setup(struct rte_eth_dev *dev,
			 uint16_t queue_idx,
			 uint16_t nb_desc,
			 unsigned int socket_id,
			 const struct rte_eth_txconf *tx_conf)
{
	...
	/* 分配 ixgbe_tx_queue */
	txq = rte_zmalloc_socket("ethdev TX queue", sizeof(struct ixgbe_tx_queue),
				 RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE, socket_id);
	...
	
	/**
	 * 分配 desc(skb 描述符)数组,数组元素类型为 union ixgbe_adv_tx_desc
	 * sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_tx_desc) * 4096
	 */
	tz = rte_eth_dma_zone_reserve(dev, "tx_ring", queue_idx,
			sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_tx_desc) * IXGBE_MAX_RING_DESC,
			IXGBE_ALIGN, socket_id);
	...
	
	/* 初始化 txq */
	txq->nb_tx_desc = nb_desc;
	txq->tx_rs_thresh = tx_rs_thresh;
	txq->tx_free_thresh = tx_free_thresh;
	txq->pthresh = tx_conf->tx_thresh.pthresh;
	txq->hthresh = tx_conf->tx_thresh.hthresh;
	txq->wthresh = tx_conf->tx_thresh.wthresh;
	txq->queue_id = queue_idx;
	txq->reg_idx = (uint16_t)((RTE_ETH_DEV_SRIOV(dev).active == 0) ?
		queue_idx : RTE_ETH_DEV_SRIOV(dev).def_pool_q_idx + queue_idx);
	txq->port_id = dev->data->port_id;
	txq->txq_flags = tx_conf->txq_flags;
	txq->ops = &def_txq_ops;
	txq->tx_deferred_start = tx_conf->tx_deferred_start;
	...
	
	/* 设置 tdt_reg_addr 为 TDT 寄存器的地址 */
	txq->tdt_reg_addr = IXGBE_PCI_REG_ADDR(hw, IXGBE_TDT(txq->reg_idx));
	...
	
	/* tx_ring_phys_addr 指向 desc 数组的总线地址 */
	txq->tx_ring_phys_addr = rte_mem_phy2mch(tz->memseg_id, tz->phys_addr);

	/* tx_ring 指向 desc 数组的虚拟地址 */
	txq->tx_ring = (union ixgbe_adv_tx_desc *) tz->addr;
	...
	
	/* 分配 entry 数组,地址赋给 sw_ring */
	txq->sw_ring = rte_zmalloc_socket("txq->sw_ring",
				sizeof(struct ixgbe_tx_entry) * nb_desc,
				RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE, socket_id);
	...
	
	/**
	 * ixgbe_reset_tx_queue() 设置发送队列参数
	 */
	txq->ops->reset(txq);
	...
	
	/* tx_queues[queue_idx] 指向 ixgbe_tx_queue */
	dev->data->tx_queues[queue_idx] = txq;
	...
}

static void __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_reset_tx_queue(struct ixgbe_tx_queue *txq)
{
	...
	prev = (uint16_t) (txq->nb_tx_desc - 1);
	for (i = 0; i < txq->nb_tx_desc; i++) {
		...
		txd->wb.status = rte_cpu_to_le_32(IXGBE_TXD_STAT_DD);
		txe[i].mbuf = NULL;
		txe[i].last_id = i;
		txe[prev].next_id = i;
		prev = i;
	}
	...
	txq->tx_next_dd = (uint16_t)(txq->tx_rs_thresh - 1);
	txq->tx_next_rs = (uint16_t)(txq->tx_rs_thresh - 1);
	...
	txq->tx_tail = 0;
	txq->nb_tx_used = 0;
	...
	txq->last_desc_cleaned = (uint16_t)(txq->nb_tx_desc - 1);
	txq->nb_tx_free = (uint16_t)(txq->nb_tx_desc - 1);
	...
}

rte_eth_dev_start 函数

int
rte_eth_dev_start(uint8_t port_id)
{
	struct rte_eth_dev *dev;
	int diag;

	/* 检查 port_id 是否合法 */
	RTE_ETH_VALID_PORTID_OR_ERR_RET(port_id, -EINVAL);

	/* 得到 port_id 对应的设备 */
	dev = &rte_eth_devices[port_id];

	/* 检查 dev_start 是否定义 */
	RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->dev_start, -ENOTSUP);

	/* 检查设备是否已启动 */
	if (dev->data->dev_started != 0) {
		RTE_PMD_DEBUG_TRACE("Device with port_id=%" PRIu8
			" already started\n",
			port_id);
		return 0;
	}

	/* ixgbe 驱动程序注册了 ixgbe_dev_start() 函数 */
	diag = (*dev->dev_ops->dev_start)(dev);
	if (diag == 0)
		dev->data->dev_started = 1;
	else
		return diag;

	/* 保存配置 */
	rte_eth_dev_config_restore(port_id);

	if (dev->data->dev_conf.intr_conf.lsc == 0) {
		RTE_FUNC_PTR_OR_ERR_RET(*dev->dev_ops->link_update, -ENOTSUP);
		(*dev->dev_ops->link_update)(dev, 0);
	}
	return 0;
}

ixgbe_dev_start 函数

static int
ixgbe_dev_start(struct rte_eth_dev *dev)
{
	...
	/* 为每个 ixgbe_tx_queue 配置网卡的 TDBAL、TDBAH、TDLEN、TDH、TDT */
	ixgbe_dev_tx_init(dev);
	...
	
	/* 为每个 ixgbe_rx_queue 配置网卡的 RDBAL、RDBAH、RDLEN、RDH、RDT */
	err = ixgbe_dev_rx_init(dev);
	...
	err = ixgbe_dev_rxtx_start(dev);
	...
}

void __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_tx_init(struct rte_eth_dev *dev)
{
	...
	for (i = 0; i < dev->data->nb_tx_queues; i++) {
		txq = dev->data->tx_queues[i];
		...
		
		/* desc 数组的总线地址 */
		bus_addr = txq->tx_ring_phys_addr; 
		/* 将 desc 数组的总线地址写入网卡寄存器
		 * TDBAL(TX Descriptor Base Address Low)
		 * TDBAH(TX Descriptor Base Address High)
		 * TDLEN(TX Descriptor Length)
		 * TDH(TX Descriptor Head)
		 * TDT(TX Descriptor Tail)
		 * #define IXGBE_TDBAL(_i)		(0x06000 + ((_i) * 0x40))
		 * #define IXGBE_TDBAH(_i)		(0x06004 + ((_i) * 0x40))
		 * #define IXGBE_TDLEN(_i)		(0x06008 + ((_i) * 0x40))
		 * #define IXGBE_TDH(_i)		(0x06010 + ((_i) * 0x40))
		 * #define IXGBE_TDT(_i)		(0x06018 + ((_i) * 0x40)) */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDBAL(txq->reg_idx),
				(uint32_t)(bus_addr & 0x00000000ffffffffULL));
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDBAH(txq->reg_idx),
				(uint32_t)(bus_addr >> 32));
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDLEN(txq->reg_idx),
				txq->nb_tx_desc * sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_tx_desc));		/* desc 数组的长度 */
		/* Setup the HW Tx Head and TX Tail descriptor pointers */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDH(txq->reg_idx), 0); 				/* 写 TDH 为 0 */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDT(txq->reg_idx), 0); 				/* 写 TDT 为 0 */
		...
	}
	...
}

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_rx_init(struct rte_eth_dev *dev)
{
	...
	for (i = 0; i < dev->data->nb_rx_queues; i++) {
		rxq = dev->data->rx_queues[i];
		...
		
		/* desc 数组的总线地址 */
		bus_addr = rxq->rx_ring_phys_addr; 
		/* 将 desc 数组的总线地址写入网卡寄存器
		 * RDBAL(RX Descriptor Base Address Low)
		 * RDBAH(RX Descriptor Base Address High)
		 * RDLEN(RX Descriptor Length)
		 * RDH(RX Descriptor Head)
		 * RDT(RX Descriptor Tail)
		 * #define IXGBE_RDBAL(_i)	(((_i) < 64) ? (0x01000 + ((_i) * 0x40)) : \
		 * 				(0x0D000 + (((_i) - 64) * 0x40)))
		 * #define IXGBE_RDBAH(_i)	(((_i) < 64) ? (0x01004 + ((_i) * 0x40)) : \
		 * 				(0x0D004 + (((_i) - 64) * 0x40)))
		 * #define IXGBE_RDLEN(_i)	(((_i) < 64) ? (0x01008 + ((_i) * 0x40)) : \
		 * 				(0x0D008 + (((_i) - 64) * 0x40)))
		 * #define IXGBE_RDH(_i)	(((_i) < 64) ? (0x01010 + ((_i) * 0x40)) : \
		 * 				(0x0D010 + (((_i) - 64) * 0x40)))
		 * #define IXGBE_RDT(_i)	(((_i) < 64) ? (0x01018 + ((_i) * 0x40)) : \
		 * 				(0x0D018 + (((_i) - 64) * 0x40))) */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDBAL(rxq->reg_idx),
				(uint32_t)(bus_addr & 0x00000000ffffffffULL));
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDBAH(rxq->reg_idx),
				(uint32_t)(bus_addr >> 32));
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDLEN(rxq->reg_idx),
				rxq->nb_rx_desc * sizeof(union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc)); 	/* desc 数组的长度 */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDH(rxq->reg_idx), 0); 				/* 写 RDH 为 0 */
		IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDT(rxq->reg_idx), 0); 				/* 写 RDT 为 0 */
		...
	}
	...
}

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_rxtx_start(struct rte_eth_dev *dev)
{
	...
	for (i = 0; i < dev->data->nb_tx_queues; i++) {
		...
		ret = ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_start(dev, i);
		...
	}
	...
	for (i = 0; i < dev->data->nb_rx_queues; i++) {
		...
		ret = ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_start(dev, i);
		...
	}
	...
}

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_tx_queue_start(struct rte_eth_dev *dev, uint16_t tx_queue_id)
{
	...
	/* 使能发送 */
	txdctl = IXGBE_READ_REG(hw, IXGBE_TXDCTL(txq->reg_idx));
	txdctl |= IXGBE_TXDCTL_ENABLE;
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TXDCTL(txq->reg_idx), txdctl);
	...
	/* 写 TDH 为 0 */
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDH(txq->reg_idx), 0);
	/* 写 TDT 为 0 */
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_TDT(txq->reg_idx), 0);
	/* 设置发送队列状态为 RTE_ETH_QUEUE_STATE_STARTED */
	dev->data->tx_queue_state[tx_queue_id] = RTE_ETH_QUEUE_STATE_STARTED;
	...
}

int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_dev_rx_queue_start(struct rte_eth_dev *dev, uint16_t rx_queue_id)
{
	...
	/* 为每个接收队列分配 mbuf */
	if (ixgbe_alloc_rx_queue_mbufs(rxq) != 0) {
	...
	/* 使能接收 */
	rxdctl = IXGBE_READ_REG(hw, IXGBE_RXDCTL(rxq->reg_idx));
	rxdctl |= IXGBE_RXDCTL_ENABLE;
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RXDCTL(rxq->reg_idx), rxdctl);
	...
	/* 写 RDH 为 0 */
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDH(rxq->reg_idx), 0);
	/* 写 RDT 为 rxq->nb_rx_desc - 1 */
	IXGBE_WRITE_REG(hw, IXGBE_RDT(rxq->reg_idx), rxq->nb_rx_desc - 1);
	/* 设置接收队列状态为 RTE_ETH_QUEUE_STATE_STARTED */
	dev->data->rx_queue_state[rx_queue_id] = RTE_ETH_QUEUE_STATE_STARTED;
	...
}

static int __attribute__((cold))
ixgbe_alloc_rx_queue_mbufs(struct ixgbe_rx_queue *rxq)
{
	struct ixgbe_rx_entry *rxe = rxq->sw_ring;
	uint64_t dma_addr;
	unsigned int i;

	/* Initialize software ring entries */
	for (i = 0; i < rxq->nb_rx_desc; i++) {
		volatile union ixgbe_adv_rx_desc *rxd;
		struct rte_mbuf *mbuf = rte_mbuf_raw_alloc(rxq->mb_pool); /* 分配mbuf */

		if (mbuf == NULL) {
			PMD_INIT_LOG(ERR, "RX mbuf alloc failed queue_id=%u",
				     (unsigned) rxq->queue_id);
			return -ENOMEM;
		}

		mbuf->data_off = RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM;
		mbuf->port = rxq->port_id;

		dma_addr =
			rte_cpu_to_le_64(rte_mbuf_data_dma_addr_default(mbuf)); /* mbuf的总线地址 */
		rxd = &rxq->rx_ring[i];
		rxd->read.hdr_addr = 0;
		rxd->read.pkt_addr = dma_addr;  /* 总线地址赋给 rxd->read.pkt_addr */
		rxe[i].mbuf = mbuf; 			/* 将 mbuf 挂载到 rxe */
	}

	return 0;
}

参考文档

https://blog.csdn.net/hz5034/article/details/88367518

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